Workshop 02 - Operating System Install

Today we'll:

Power On

  • Ensure your case is closed/fits tightly
  • Connect your keyboard and mouse
  • Set-up your monitor, connect the VGA cable
  • Connect power cables into the monitor and case last
  • Try the power button!

If correctly assembled you'll see:

  • Green power and hard drive LEDs flash
  • Then power LED stays on and
  • Fans start up (quietly)
  • BIOS screen flashes


Congratulations! Please assist others.


  • Is it fully plugged in?
  • Does the power switch click? (Try removing the front panel and press it directly.)
  • Check power switch connection to the motherboard. (Unplug the power lead, open case and check the front panel power header is connected.)
  • Check power cables from the PSU to the motherboard. (plugs only fit in one direction, so don't force them.)


The Power On Self Test (POST) checks your computer when it turns on. It is quick and only stops on errors.

If your computer turns on but doesn't pass POST, it tells you with lights and beeps.

Most errors are easily fixed.

Two Beeps

  • Is the fan cable plugged in and air guide installed correctly? Are heatsink screws tight?

Three Beeps

  • Is your processor is sitting in the socket firmly? Are heatsink screws firmly tightened?

Four Beeps

  • Is the CPU power connector connected?

Five Beeps

  • Is your RAM firmly clicked into place? Test RAM individually.

Six/Seven/Eight Beeps

  • Please ask for assistance (advanced).

Nine Beeps

Check your PSU cable headers on the motherboard.

Ten Beeps

  • Won't occur unless a PCI expansion card is installed. If installed, remove and reboot.

Customising BIOS

After POST your computer will continue to boot by activating the Basic Input Output System (BIOS).

  • The BIOS is firmware, and works between your computer's hardware and software.
  • It's permanently attached to the hardware.
  • A battery retains settings for up to 10 years.

BIOS will attempt to boot your computer and run checks. As your computer was recently disassembled, it may request information.

It may ask to confirm hardware changes:

to set the date and time:

and launch operating system from the internal hard drive.

Your hard drive was wiped, so it cannot continue to boot.

System Configuration

Access 'System Configuration' so your computer can boot from USB to install our operating system. A well-timed keystroke is required. See keys on the 'splash' screen (bottom right):

  • F9: Choose a device to boot from.

  • F12: Force computer to boot from network card (advanced).

  • F10: BIOS set-up. On your next reboot, press and hold F10.

Press and hold F10 when you see this screen

BIOS Set up

Select language:

Select 'System Information' from 'File' menu.

Main set-up utility menu

This displays information about the computer's components.

System information screen

See Processor information from Workshop 01? See hardware without opening the case. Exit with any key.

System information screen

Set Time/Date

Set time and date screen

Select 'Storage', then 'Device Configuration'.

Recognise your hard disk and DVD drive?

Device configuration screen

Exit and select 'Storage Options'. Enable 'Removable Media Boot' to allow booting from USB.

Storage options screen

Exit and select 'Boot Order' to see available options.

Boot order screen

We'll boot from USB, so move USB to the top.

Select USB device

Disable network booting if unneeded.

Disable network controller

Confirm with F10 and exit Boot Order.

Return to 'File' menu. Select 'Save Changes and Exit'.

Press F10 for Save Changes and Exit

Confirm with F10. Your computer and boot process will restart, looking for the USB.

Boot From USB

You'll be given a USB containing a Xubuntu Live System and Installer. (A Live System lets you boot/use your computer from USB). We'll use this to install the Operating System (OS).

Insert USB and restart the computer (ctrl-alt-delete).

Plug in the USB stick

If successful, it should show a desktop environment with the Install Dialogue open.

Install Xubuntu screen

If not, check your BIOS settings and ask for assistance.

Install Xubuntu

Choose English, then 'Install Xubuntu'.

Install Xubuntu screen

Keyboard Layout

Choose the correct keyboard layout. (Use 'Detect Keyboard Layout' if unsure.)


Choose whether to connect to wireless. We'll select 'I don't want to connect to a wifi network right now' for now.

Third Party Software

Select 'Install third-party software' (this lets us use propetary software types, such as MP3s.)

Install this third-party software screen

Installation Type

Select your hard disk, chose 'Erase and install', then 'Install now'.

Erase disc and install Xubuntu screen

Where are You?

Set your computer location (Brisbane), then continue.

'Where are you?' screen

Your Details

Provide your details and create a memorable password. Select 'log in automatically', then continue.

Your system will now install.

'Who are you?' screen

Complete Installation

When complete, remove your USB and restart. Enter BIOS again and change your first boot device to internal hard disk.

SDLW Network Setup

Let's quickly set up our local SDLW network. We'll use it to update/install software without internet.

The facilitator laptop acts as a server to store your needed files. Your facilitator will show you this.

Break Time

The Operating System

An Operating System (OS) looks after:

We just installed Xubuntu - a 'flavour' of Ubuntu based on Linux, a Free and Open Source OS.

Launch Xubuntu.

In the top left you can access the whisker menu, (like Windows start menu).

Here you can access pre-installed programs and desktop settings.

The File Manager

The File Manager helps us navigate your system's files and folders. Select it from the whisker menu.

It will default to your home folder. Note your file location within the computer in the top bar.

Customising your Desktop

You can customise your desktop - eg, by right clicking image files (Connect your phone to drag one over) to 'set as desktop background'. You can also change theme. In the whisker menu, select 'settings' and select 'window manager'.

Select 'kokodi' - it has larger window handles for easier resizing.

Kokodi theme


Choose 'Settings' from the whisker menu and select 'Software Updater'.

It will check for updates from the SDLW laptop.

software update

Don't worry if some updates are missing - click 'install now'.

software update install

Enter your password - your system will update.

software update install

Restart your computer before the next workshop.

software update restart

Workshop 03 - Productivity and System Tools

engagement/siganto_digital_learning_workshops/workshops/siganto_digital_learning_workshops/workshop_02.txt · Last modified: 2022/06/16 15:13 by Andrei Maberley
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